Polacco, Giorgio (1570-ca. 1650). Anticopernicus catholicus.... Venice, Guerigli Press, 1644.

Polacco, Giorgio (1570-ca. 1650). Anticopernicus catholicus.... Venice, Guerigli Press, 1644.

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Polacco, Giorgio (1570-ca. 1650).

Anticopernicus catholicus, seu De terrae statione, et de solis motu, contra systema Copernicanum, Catholicae Assertiones.... 

Venice, Guerigli Press, 1644.

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The first publication of the Inquisitorial sentence against Galileo

Polacco, Giorgio (1570-ca. 1650).

Anticopernicus catholicus, seu De terrae statione, et de solis motu, contra systema Copernicanum, Catholicae Assertiones.... Venice, Guerigli Press, 1644.

4° (230x166 mm). Collation: *4, A-M4, N6 (quire L signed K). [8], 107, [1] pages. Roman and italic type. Engraved diagram of the solar system on the title-page. Two engraved illustrations on fols. C1v and C2r, showing the moon and sun spots. Woodcut decorated initials and headpieces. Later bound 'alla rustica' (possibly a remboîtage). A good copy, uncut. Title-page slightly spotted, a few paper flaws. Small paper repairs to the inner margin of the title-page and to the last leaf, without any loss. Some pencilled and inked marginal notes written in an early hand.

Rare first edition of the 195 assertiones or theses by the Venetian priest Giorgio Polacco relating astronomy to the Bible and the teachings of the Catholic Church.

In this work, Polacco praises the condemnation of Copernicanism by the Church in 1616 and Galileo's forced recantation of 1633, while demonstrating the scope of his readings and deep erudition.

Further, and more importantly, the Anticopernicus catholicus contains the first publication of the full text – in its original Italian version – of the sentence issued by the Roman Inquisition against Galileo in June 1633, along with the subsequent abjuration of the Florentine scientist kneeled before the “most Eminent and Reverend Lord Cardinals, Inquisitors-General throughout the Christian Republic against heretical depravity”, the text of which is quoted by Polacco in its entirety (fols. I2v-K2v). Both texts were until then known only through printed flyers that had escaped Inquisitorial control or in circulated abridgements or summaries in Latin and French, such as the French translation included by Marin Mersenne in his Questions theologiques of 1634.

STC 17th Century, 693; Bruni-Evans 4171; Carli-Favaro 202; Cinti 113; Riccardi II, 290; A. Poppi, “Astronomia e Bibbia nell' 'Anticopernicus catholicus' di Giorgio Polacco 1644”, Idem, Ricerche sulla teologia e la scienza nella Scuola padovana del Cinque e Seicento, Catanzaro 2001, pp. 231-244; Philobiblon, One Thousand Years of Bibliophily, no. 201.

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